Browsing Proposals by Title
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- ItemOpen AccessAttitudes and perceptions of STI clients towards provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-06-30) Nyama, DianaThis study aims at exploring clients' attitudes and perception towards provider initiated HIV testing and counseling. Specifically, it aims at assessing their knowledge on PTIC, their perceived benefits of PTIC, their attitudes and factors that influence their choice not to test for HIV. The study will employ the qualitative study method and it will be conducted at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital. The subjects will be clients attending the STI clinic and the sample will be ten. The significance of the study is to help health workers to have an insight on the fears that clients have hence to find strategies of initiating HIV testing and changing the negative attitudes that client have. The data will be collected by interviewing the clients for about 30 minutes using an interview guide by the researcher and it will be analysed manually.
- ItemOpen AccessAttitudes of people around Lumbadzi area in Lilongwe towards care rendered by nurses during bereavement.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-07-14) Chilumpha, Enifa L.
- ItemOpen AccessChallenges experienced by midwives to implement BEMONC activities at Bwaila hospital.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-07-16) Lungu, Gaily Graysham Gama
- ItemOpen AccessChallenges inmates face in utilizing human immunodeficiency virus testing services and accessing antiretroviral therapy at Maula prison in Lilongwe district.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-07-14) Jowasi, Ignasio MathewsBACKGROUND HIV infection in prisons is higher than in the general population (AVERT, May 2010). According to latest figures for Maula Prison, the authorities reported that 40% of its population is reactive unlike the average prevalence rate of 12% nationwide. This study would like to explore the challenges these inmates face in accessing HCT services and ARVs. SIGNIFICANCE This study will be used as an evaluation tool in HCT and ARV administration in prisons. Healthy prisoners positively contribute to the work force of the prisons' farms. The government will reduce the cost of food for the prisoners. Proper referral system of pardoned or acquitted prisoners can bee established. METHODOLOGY The research design will be a qualitative study design in order to get more of the participants' interpretation of the situation. An interview guide containing both open and close ended questions will be used for data collection. Purposive or judgmental sampling will be used in this study from a population of 10 prisoners at Maula prison in Lilongwe District. ETHICS Permission will be requested for from relevant authorities for approval before going ahead with data collection. KCN Research and Publications Committee, Prison Headquarters, Maula prison and Ntchisi prison will be approached for their approval. Participants will be explained on being involved in the study on voluntary basis and can drop at any time without being penalized. Finally, the participants will be given a consent form to sign before data collection to show that they have accepted to take part in the study.
- ItemOpen AccessChild malnutrition in Blantyre City urban Slums: A distressing reality in Ndirande township(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2013-09-13) Thauzeni, Christina P.Malnutrition is a state of nutrition in which a deficiency or excess (or imbalance) of energy, protein and other nutrients causes measurable adverse effects on tissue / body form (body shape, size and composition) and function and clinical outcome. The research study seeks to investigate why there is high prevalence of under five malnutrition in Ndirande Township. The findings of the study will attempt to identify what could be done to reduce cases of under five malnutrition in Ndirande Township. As a result the strategies that will be recommended will assist the Blantyre District Health Office in devising appropriate interventions to reduce cases of under five malnutrition specifically in Ndirande Township as well as other Townships in Blantyre that have similar social-economic and nutritional problems. The type of study to be used in this research is qualitative. The sample size will be 15 and the subjects will be mothers of under five malnourished children attending nutrition clinic at Ndirande Health Center. The research will be done using semi structured interviews. Data will be, organized, sorted and stored and thereafter coding will be done followed by interpretation. The study findings shall be disseminated by distributing copies to Ndirande Health Center, Blantyre District Health Office, Kamuzu College of Nursing and other concerned organizations.
- ItemOpen AccessCommunity participation practices in safe motherhood issues in Monkey-bay, Nankhwali and Nkope areas.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-07-14) Chisenga, BeatriceThe research will use descriptive evaluative design in a survey with questionnaires and interviews. The study will therefore use a qualitative as well as quantitative research techniques. The study will examine the extent of community participation in Safe Motherhood (S.M.) activities. A convenient sample of seventy subjects will be drawn from catchment areas of three Health Centers (WC). Two villages will be randomly selected from each H/C catchment area. The study subjects will include women, men, village influential leaders, and health workers at H/C level. The expected results should focus low community participation in S.M. due to poor leadership styles lack of participation in carrying out community needs assessment in S.M., poor community organization and lack of capacity building at village level.
- ItemOpen AccessCommunity views on establishment of health care facilities for frail elderly in a/47 and Chinsapo village in Lilongwe.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-07-15) Mwalukomo, TumpeThe title of the study is, "Community Perceptions on Establishment of Health Care facilities for physically or mentally Frail Elderly People". The study will be conducted in Lilongwe District, particularly in A/47 and Chinsapo village. The study has adopted "Orem's General Theory" as its conceptual/theoretical framework. Phenomelogical qualitative design will be used. The population of the study will consist of caregivers of physically or mentally frail elderly people and the frail elderly. These respondents will be selected through purposive sampling. Semi-structured interviews using an in-depth interview guide will be used for data collection. To ensure validity and reliability of the instrument, the data collection tool will be pilot-tested in A/ 15 and Mitundu in Lilongwe district before actual administration in A/47 and Mitundu in the same District. Data analysis will be analyzed manually using descriptive statistics. To ensure that study is ethical, respondents' rights will be respected. These rights are: right not to be harmed, right to full disclosure, right of self-determination and right of privacy, anonymity and confidentiality. The results of the findings will be disseminated through KCN Library and the department of basic studies.
- ItemOpen AccessContributing factors towards resurgence of Leprosy.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2008-07-18) Iman, LatifaLeprosy is a leading cause of disability in Malawi. Many people were left with disability due to leprosy. Leprosy needs adequate treatment with MDT for the required period of time. Many new cases are registered with leprosy into the hospitals. This gives problems to the public as it calls for a lot of money for training and drugs. The purpose of this study is to assess and evaluate the-contributing factors towards resurgence of leprosy. The study specifically aims at determining the numbers of new cases registered at Nkhota-kota District since November 2007, to find out if health workers know on the prevalence of leprosy disease condition, to assess the knowledge level of health workers on management of leprosy and to find out drug compliance of patient with leprosy. A quantitative design will be used to meet these objectives. The study will involve 30 subjects who will consist of health workers and client with leprosy. The study will be conducted at Nkhota-kota District Hospital. A questionnaire will be used to collect data from the patients and health workers Data will be coded and analyzed manually using descriptive. statistics. The responses will be written down and similar responses will be counted by tallying then they will be summed up.
- ItemOpen AccessCoping mechanisms utilized by children suffering from asthma at Phalombe health centre.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-07-14) Wataya, Stella MaluwaThe study is on coping mechanisms utilized by children suffering from asthma. The purpose of the current study is to explore coping mechanisms utilized by patients suffering from asthma that can play a role in how the patients adapt to the disease. The study will be conducted at Phalombe health centre in Phalombe district. The study will use qualitative method. Roy's Adaptation model will be used in the study: A convenient sample of 10 patients at the out-patient department will be recruited for the study. The participants will be interviewed using an interview guide. Data collected will be analysed using content analysis.
- ItemOpen AccessDescription of effectiveness of standard case management of Pneumonia in under-five children towards client’s outcome at Kasungu district hospital.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2009-06-12) Kudya, MercyThe aim of the study is to explore the effectiveness of the Standard Case Management of Pneumonia in under-five Children towards the clients' outcome. Its objectives will be to assess the effectiveness of the standard case management, to describe its effectiveness and identify challenges of standard case management in under-five children. The quantitative descriptive design will be used to this study. A systematic sampling technique will be used to sample the pneumonia files of under-five children at Kasungu district hospital at paediatric ward. The number of files to be samples will be 20 of 2008. Questionnaire will be used to collect data from the pneumonia files of under-five children. Data will be analysed manually and the findings will be presented in graphs, tables and pie charts. The major findings wilt be summarized at the end.
- ItemOpen AccessDisease and quality of life: the impact of epilepsy on education attainment in the affected youth.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-07-14) Nkalodzwa, JoaquinaThis write up is a research study proposal aiming at finding out the impact of Epilepsy on education attainment among the affected youth. This will be descriptive qualitative study and the study will be conducted at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH) in Blantyre district at the epileptic clinic. In this study, convenient sampling will be used and 14 participants will be selected from among the affected youth and 7 will be male and 7 will be female. The data collection tool that will be used in this study will be a questionnaire of which each and every participant will be asked questions. Data will be analysed manually and after data analysis, the findings of the study will be released via Kamuzu College of Nursing Research Center and there after copies will be available at Ministry of Education, Kamuzu College of Nursing Library and Kamuzu College of Nursing Basic Studies Department. To ensure ethical protection of the respondents rights in this study, ethical considerations have been incorporated. The project will cost approximately K42 000.
- ItemOpen AccessThe effect of religious beliefs on utilisation of family planning methods(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2009-06-30) Mukolongo, Tawonga GraceIncreased fertility rate in developing countries has prompted new discussions about the role of religious doctrine and religious institutions in shaping sexual behaviour. This caused this author to write on the effect of religion on utilisation of family planning methods. The aim of this study is to explore different religious beliefs and how they influence utilisation of family planning. This study will use the health belief model. This model attempts to explain and predict health behaviours. This will be a quantitative study. A group of 50 women in the reproductive age will be used as the sample will be asked questions using a questionnaire. The study will be conducted in Traditional Authority Chikowi. Data will be analysed using the statistical package for social scientists.
- ItemOpen AccessEffects of HIV status non-disclosure among couples on drug adherence.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2013-12-30) Malambo, Madalitso; Chinyamunyamu, Liness; Matola, Esther; Kaisi, Chimwemwe; Emmanuel, Andrew
- ItemOpen AccessExperiences of caregivers towards disclosing HIV status to infected children at Kamuzu Central Hospital.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2012-11-09) Katunga, Elizabeth D.
- ItemOpen AccessExperiences of Depo-provera users on Amenorrhea at area 25 health centre(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-07-14) Sokosa, Dalitsolanga EmmieDepo-Provera also known as "DMPA or depot medroxyprogestorone Acetate" is the most popular contraceptive in Malawi. In 2009 at Area 25 health centre, 16030 women chose Depo- Provera, giving a percentage of 98.2% (Area 25 health centre statistics). Out of these Depo Provera users, more women have some menstrual problems, including irregular and unpredictable bleeding or spotting, an increase or decrease in menstrual bleeding or no bleeding at all. As women continue using Depo-Provera, fewer have experienced irregular bleeding and more experience amenorrhea. Therefore, it is necessary for the researcher to explore the experiences of these Depo-Provera users. The main objective of the study is to explore the experiences of Depo-Provera users on amenorrhea at Area 25 health centre. A lot of literature has been documented pertaining to Depo-Provera; however, it has been found that no study has been done to explore the experiences of women on amenorrhea. Health Belief Model is the theoretical framework that has been used in this study. This research study has adopted a descriptive quantitative method of the cross-sectional research design; it will be used to explore the experiences of Depo-Provera users on amenorrhea at Area 25 health centre. The study will have 100 women as subjects they will be picked using a sample proportional formula of confidence interval. All Participants who will engage in the research activities will have thorough knowledge about their human rights. Privacy and confidentiality will be the order of conduct during data collection and analysis. There will be no any kind of harm or cohesion to the participant. This means that, individual consent will be requested from the participant prior to data collection.
- ItemOpen AccessExperirnce of women with Vesico vaginal fistula at Kamuzu Central Hospital.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-11-30) Kanyemba, Samuel C.S.This document is a qualitative study that intends to explore experiences of women with vesico vaginal Kamuzu Central Hospital in Lilongwe. The results that will be obtained will help health practioners to develop a working plan focused on the quality management of VVF as well as problems associated with the condition, it results will also help health managers to train more personnel’s in VVF repair which will increase quality of care to women with VVF. It will also help in developing strategies to prevent the challenges the women face which include psychological support and education of the community as well as the family to end stigma. A convenient sample of 8 participants from gynecological ward at Kamuzu central hospital in Lilongwe. The participants will be women with VVF which has been repaired or not, or those that VVF has reoccurred after repair, any woman who will be admitted in ward 3A with VVF will be eligible to participate in the study. Data will be done manually.
- ItemOpen AccessAn exploratory study on men’s knowledge, attitude and perception on vasectomy at Bwaila district hospital(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2012-11-12) Khonje, Alice F.The study aims at exploring the knowledge, attitude, and perception of men towards vasectomy. And in the study recommendations will also be made on strategies that can be put in place to facilitate vasectomy by men in Malawi. It will be a qualitative type of study guided by Pender's health promotion model, in which the descriptive study design will be used. The study will be conducted at Bwaila district hospital during which eighteen married men who accompany their wives to family planning clinic will be interviewed on issues related to the topic of study. The participants will be chosen on three consecutive days, six individuals everyday selected randomly. Consent will be sought from the participants before enrolling them into the study, and alt ethical issues will be put into consideration throughout the study. The data will be collected using a questionnaire and be analysed manually.
- ItemOpen AccessExploring knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of breast cancer patients on breast cancer operation (mastectomy).(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2009-06-12) Ng'ambi, Mwayi
- ItemOpen AccessExploring Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceptions of HIV Positive Teenagers Towards Childbearing in Lilongwe District, at the Light House(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-07-14) Mughogho, CarolineThis is a proposal to conduct a study on knowledge, attitudes and perception of HIV positive teenagers towards childbearing at the light house in Lilongwe district. In this proposal literature review on studies done worldwide, in Africa and Malawi; relating to this study to be conducted are included. The conceptual framework to be used in the study is the Health Belief Model that looks at why some people take specific actions to prevent a disease or condition and some do not. The research study methodology is a qualitative and a sample of 10 will be used where each one will be giving his/her views subjectively relevant to the questions that will be used since an interview guide will be used to solicit information. In order to conduct the study in respect of human dignity, integrity and authority, ethical considerations will be taken into account.
- ItemOpen AccessExploring parent and adolescent communication about sex and birth control in Mangochi district.(Kamuzu University of Health Sciences, 2010-07-14) Mfune, GraceAdolescent represent a special group in a society. The status of their reproductive health has many physical, social and demographic ramifications in a society. The lack of information on reproductive health and access to services make adolescents a particularly vulnerable group in most African countries. In Malawi adolescents get reproductive health information from peers, school, and media. Some of the information they get misleads them hence indulging in early sexual intercourse which results in early pregnancy and contraction of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). Therefore, the purpose of this research is to explore the communication between parents and adolescent on sex and birth control in Mangochi District. Specifically, the study aims; to assess the information that parents discuss with children as regard sex and birth control, to determine whether the adolescent is satisfactory with the communication, to explore challenges that parents and adolescents face when they are discussing about sex and birth control and finally to assess recommendation from parents and adolescents as regards communication on sex and birth control. The findings of this research will bring positive contribution towards strengthening sex and birth control in Malawi. The results of this study shall have implication on policy makers, health workers, education, research and the community at large. The methodology to be used in this research study is the qualitative method and a sample of 12 will be used where each one will be giving his views subjectively relevant to the questions that will be asked from the in-depth interview guide. Data will be analysed manually.